Pie Menu

Validation level: 2. Commercial products

A pie menu is a menu where the items are placed in a circle around the cursor, or around a fixed position.

Compared to traditional menus, a pie menu has a shorter seeking time and lower error rates. Items are closer to the cursor and have a bigger target size.


An empirical comparison of pie VS linear menus

Conference: CHI '88 Proceedings, 1988
By: Jack Callahan, Don Hopkins, Mark Weiser, Ben Shneiderman

The design and implementation of pie menus

Conference: Dr. Dobb's Journal, 1991
By: Don Hopkins
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Menu types

3 techniques

Storyboard of Functions
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